Production of high efficiency and low cost new generation Photovoltaic (PV) cells; It is one of the most important components of safe, competitive and sustainable solar energy systems. Since Turkey is geographically located in a region called the "solar band", which has the greatest potential for solar energy, it has sufficient resources for solar energy. In the world, studies that take into account many parameters such as efficiency, cost, environmentalism, stability, material abundance in the development of new generation solar cells and improvement of existing technologies with new functional material combinations such as artificial leaf technologies, Perovskite and quantum dot solar cells continue intensively.

When photovoltaic technologies are examined, it is seen that they are divided into two groups as solar electricity and solar heat systems. While solar electricity systems are used to obtain electrical energy from solar energy, solar heat systems are used to obtain heat energy from solar energy. Photovoltaic systems are devices that convert solar energy directly into electrical energy. Photovoltaic cells are the smallest element of photovoltaic (PV) systems and they work according to the photovoltaic principle. When light is thrown on the PV cells, electrical voltage occurs at their ends and the structure formed by combining more than one cell is called a PV module. PV panels are obtained by connecting the modules in series or parallel. Components of a PV system other than the module, inverter, power control systems (charge controller), It is possible to divide it into four main sections as energy storage devices (battery) and other system stabilizers. PV panels produce direct current. Inverters are used to convert the electricity produced with direct current (DC) to alternating current. In order to keep the voltage changes in balance, power control systems and batteries are used to store the produced energy. Depending on the type of semiconductor materials used in their production and the level of commercial maturity, PV systems are divided into three groups called generations. 1st generation technologies are based on crystalline silicon based PV systems. 2nd generation PV technologies are called thin film solar cells and 3rd generation PV technologies are called emerging new PV technologies and they are organic, hybrid, perovskite,

The materials developed within the new generation photovoltaic technologies can be examined.